Hemorrhoids’ is the medical term for the condition more commonly known as Piles. They are a mass of swollen rectal or anal blood vessels. These veins are situated in the lower part of the anus and rectum. Hemorrhoids are of two types:

  • Internal
  • External

Internal hemorrhoids lie deep inside the rectum and are not normally visible to the naked eye. They don’t usually hurt, but their presence is marked with the symptom of bleeding through the anus.

External hemorrhoids get formed in the anal region and create discomfort. When an external hemorrhoid protrudes through the anus, it can be seen and felt. Sometimes blood clots can form within the mass that slips down; it can be extremely painful.

Causes for formation of hemorrhoids

Diet: This is the primary reason for the formation of hemorrhoids. Low fiber diets, highly processed foods and inadequate intake of water can all cause piles.
Elderly people and pregnant women are, in general, likely to develop hemorrhoids.
A family history of weak rectal veins may be another cause.
Excessive abdominal pressure due to obesity, pregnancy, prolonged standing or sitting, coughing, straining on the toilet, holding on to your breath during labor, vomiting and sneezing can all cause hemorrhoids.

  • Bright red bleeding from the anus: blood may streak the toilet paper or bowel movement
  • Swollen, painful lump near the anus
  • Itching
  • Pain and tenderness during bowel movements
  • Mucus discharge

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